What are the different Types of CBD
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You keep hearing about CBD oil and it seems everyone you know is telling you ways their favorite CBD products have given them some type of pain relief. It can be overwhelming when looking to buy CBD oil with so many different types of products on the market.
What is CBD oil? How does it work on such a wide variety of problems; from mental, to physical and internal to external? Does it have you wondering what’s the best type of CBD for you to take with so many available options? Let’s take a deeper look into the different types of CBD and how to choose the best option for you!
There are three main types of CBD products that are currently being manufactured. These forms of CBD are Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolates. Below is a breakdown of each one.
The Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana
For the purpose of this blog we are referring to the cannabis sativa L plant, better known as “industrial hemp” or just “hemp”. The main difference between this plant and its more well-known Cannabis cousin (marijuana) is the percentage of THC. THC is the cannabinoid that is responsible for the psychotropic effects most associated with Cannabis.
The law dictates that a cannabis plant containing less that 0.3% THC is considered “hemp” and therefore federally legal to grow. Anything over that percentage is classified as Marijuana. Marijuana is bred to have high levels of THC and low levels of CBD while Hemp is bred to have very low THC levels but high CBD levels. This is what makes it the best source for extraction of your CBD supplements.
A Full Spectrum CBD oil product is derived from the whole hemp plant matter. That means taking the roots, stems, flowers and leaves and pressing, pulverizing, or power washing them to extract the oils from the plant. This will leave us with a full spectrum of cannabinoids (CBD, CBG, CBN, THC, etc.), terpenes (limonene, myrcene, etc.) and phytochemicals such as chlorophyll and other organic plant matter. The resulting oil will have a strong “hempy” taste and be dark in color. It will also contain 0.3% or less THC.
As briefly mentioned above, other commonly found cannabinoids are CBG, CBN, CBC, CBDV, and upwards of 200 or more all currently being studied for their own unique benefits. All of these cannabinoids including THC work symbiotically together to create an “entourage effect”. This entourage effect suggests that when all of the cannabinoids are present, they work best together. A full spectrum CBD product is going to cast the widest net when it comes to balancing out our endocannabinoid system.
One aspect that is currently being studied is if THC’s ability to “unlock” cannabinoid receptors allows its counterparts (CBD, CBG, CBN, etc.) to more efficiently balance out the Endocannabinoid System. Some within the industry will argue you have to have the THC to receive the benefits of CBD. This is flat untrue and mostly used as a common sales tactic. In reality, you can read a plethora of scientific articles that debunk this claim. A good analogy of the difference is to say THC is like a good stretch before going on a walk. It may give you a little better range of motion and allow you to go a bit farther during your exercise, but it isn’t to say that there are no health benefits if you go for a walk without stretching first.
A broad spectrum CBD product is created from the same process as the full spectrum CBD product by taking the roots, stems, flowers, and leaves. The difference is, after the extraction process, the THC compound is isolated and removed entirely. This still leaves us with a great range of cannabinoids beyond CBD. Many people find themselves in a situation where they cannot have any THC in their system, so broad spectrum products are becoming the most valued form of CBD. A true broad spectrum will have no trace amounts of THC but will give you an otherwise full cannabinoid profile which will include CBD, CBG, CBN, CBDV, and other potential cannabinoids, allowing you to maintain the “entourage effect”. For many people looking to get the health benefits without the concern of the psychotropic component of the plant, broad spectrum CBD products are the most effective choice.
Another reason why someone might want to choose a broad-spectrum hemp extract would be due to having a job or being in a position for drug screens. Many people fall into this category from bus drivers, construction workers, nurses, and government employees. Depending on the State you live in and regulations surrounding your industry you have to be careful when buying CBD products. When choosing a broad spectrum product for this reason, always make sure you are purchasing from a company that supplies third party lab testing or a COA (certificate of analysis) to verify the product is THC-free. With our KC Hemp Co. broad spectrum cbd tinctures, you can easily scan the QR code on the bottom of every bottle for instant access to the third party lab tests showing the full cannabinoid profile in that bottle.
You also will want to be cognizant of the carrier oils in the products. Hemp seed oil is often used as a carrier oil and makes for a great delivery system for the CBD, but it can potentially cause false negatives on drug screenings. For this reason, KC Hemp Co. only uses USDA Certified Organic MCT Oil (fractionated coconut oil). In doing so, it also provides a much cleaner tasting product and clearer in color.
CBD Isolates are exactly how they sound, a single isolated compound from the plant. This is typically done through a supercritical CO2 extraction. Through this process the oils, chlorophyll, plant material and all other compounds are removed leaving behind a 99% pure CBD product.
The exciting thing about isolates is that you can now find other cannabinoids isolated such as CBDa, CBG and CBN. As more research is conducted on the hundred plus known cannabinoids, we will be able to specifically target their interactions with the body and all potential health benefits associated with them. This up and coming research makes it exciting to be able to customize cannabinoid profiles by combining isolated cannabinoids to form a new product based on your own body's health and wellness needs.
CBD isn’t the only cannabinoid that has the potential to provide major health benefits and the future only looks brighter for the cannabis plant as minor cannabinoids become more available!
Now that you know what the different types of CBD plant extracts are, hop on over to our recent blog post on ways to take CBD. Where we discuss the benefits of the many different ways to take CBD.
For the best CBD products on the market KC Hemp Co. is your pure, clean, trusted source for cbd and thc related products. Voted “Best CBD Store” and “Best Delta 8 edible” by the readers of the Pitch KC magazine in 2021.