Types of CBD
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You keep hearing about it and seems about everyone you know is telling you ways CBD has given them relief. Maybe your co-worker is using it for anxiety and depression or an uncle who started using it for his neck pain. Perhaps your best friend started vaping CBD to relieve withdrawals from quitting smoking cigarettes. Has your grandma started using a pain cream to help calm her arthritis pains and back spasms? I know mine has.
What is this CBD people speak of? How does it work on such a wide variety of problems; from mental, to physical and internal to external? Does it have you wondering what’s the best type of CBD for you to take with so many available options? Let’s take a deeper look into the different types of CBD and how to choose the best option for you!
There are three main types of CBD products that are currently being manufactured. These are Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolates. Below is a breakdown of each one.
The Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana
For the purpose of this blog we are referring to the cannabis sativa L plant, better known as “industrial hemp” or just “hemp”. The main difference between this plant and its more well-known Cannabis cousin (marijuana) is the percentage of THC. THC is the cannabinoid that is responsible for the psychotropic effects most associated with Cannabis. The law dictates that a cannabis plant containing less that 0.3% THC is considered “hemp” and therefore federally legal to grow. Anything over that percentage and its classified as Marijuana. Marijuana is bred to have high levels of THC and low levels of CBD while Hemp is bred to have very low THC levels but high CBD levels. This is what makes it the best source for extraction of your CBD supplements.
A Full Spectrum CBD product is derived from the whole hemp plant matter. That means taking the roots, stems, flowers and leaves and pressing, pulverizing, or power washing them to extract the oils from the plant. This will leave us with a full spectrum of cannabinoids (CBD, CBG, CBN, THC, etc.), terpenes (limonene, myrcene, etc.) and phytochemicals such as chlorophyll and other organic plant matter. The resulting oil will have a strong “hempy” taste and be dark in color. It will also contain 0.3% or less THC.
As briefly mentioned above, other commonly found cannabinoids are CBG, CBN, CBC, CBDV, and upwards of 200 or more all currently being studied for their own unique benefits. All of these cannabinoids including THC work symbiotically together to create an “entourage effect”. This entourage effects suggests that when all of the cannabinoids are present, they work best together. A full spectrum CBD product is going to cast the widest net when it comes to balancing out our endocannabinoid system.
One aspect that is currently being studied is if THC’s ability to “unlock” cannabinoid receptors allows its counterparts (CBD, CBG, CBN, etc.) to more efficiently balance out the Endocannabinoid System. Some within the industry will argue you have to have the THC to receive the benefits of CBD. This is flat untrue and mostly used as a common sales tactic. In reality, you can read a plethora of scientific articles that debunk that claim. A good analogy of the difference is to say THC is like a good stretch before going on a walk. It may give you a little better range of motion and allow you to go a bit farther during your exercise, but it isn’t to say that there are no health benefits if you go for a walk without stretching first.
A broad spectrum CBD product is created from the same process as the full spectrum CBD product by taking the roots, stems, flower, and leaves. The difference is, after extraction, the THC compound is separated and removed entirely. This still leaves us with a great range of cannabinoids beyond CBD. Many people find themselves in a situation where they cannot have any THC in their system, so broad spectrum products are becoming the most valued form of CBD. A true broad spectrum will have no trace amounts of THC but will give you an otherwise full cannabinoid profile which will include CBD, CBG, CBN, CBDV, and other potential cannabinoids, allowing you to maintain the “entourage effect”. For many people looking to get the health benefits without the concern of the psychotropic component of the plant, broad spectrum CBD products are the most effective choice.
Another reason why someone might want to choose a broad-spectrum product would be due to having a job or are in a position for drug screens. Many people fall into this category from bus drivers, construction workers, nurses, and government employees. All have to be careful when choosing the right CBD products. When choosing a broad spectrum product for this reason, always make sure you are purchasing from a company that supplies third party lab testing or a COA (certificate of analysis) to verify there is no detectible THC within the product. With our KC Hemp Co. tinctures, you can easily scan the QR code on the bottom of every bottle for instant access to the third party lab tests showing the full cannabinoid profile in that bottle.
You also will want to be cognizant of the carrier oils in the products. Hemp seed oil is often used as a carrier oil and makes for a great delivery system for the CBD, but it can potentially cause false negatives on drug screenings. For this reason, KC Hemp Co. only uses USDA Certified Organic MCT Oil (fractionated coconut oil). In doing so, it also provides a much cleaner tasting product and clearer in color.
Isolates are exactly how they sound, a single isolated compound from the plant. This is typically done through a supercritical CO2 extraction. Through this process the oils, chlorophyll, plant material and all other compounds are removed leaving behind a 99% pure CBD product. The exciting thing about isolates is that you can now find other cannabinoids isolated such as CBG and CBN. As more research is conducted on the hundreds of known cannabinoids, we will be able to specifically target their interactions with the body and all health benefits associated with them. This makes it exciting to be able to customize cannabinoid profiles by combining isolated cannabinoids to form a new product based on your health and wellness needs. Basically, CBD isn’t the only cannabinoid that has the potential to provide major health benefits and the future only looks brighter for the cannabis plant!
Now that you know what the different types of CBD products are, hop on over to our recent blog post on ways to take CBD. Where Austin Williams, discusses the benefits of the many different ways to take CBD.